All content published in the Journal of Trial and Error is fully Open Access: immediately freely available to read, download, and share. We adhere to the Bethesda Statement on Open Access Publishing. The published materials is done so under the terms of a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

From the Bethesda Statement on Open Access Publishing:

Definition of Open Access Publication

An Open Access Publication[1] is one that meets the following two conditions:

1. The author(s) and copyright holder(s) grant(s) to all users a free, irrevocable, worldwide, perpetual right of access to, and a license to copy, use, distribute, transmit and display the work publicly and to make and distribute derivative works, in any digital medium for any responsible purpose, subject to proper attribution of authorship[2], as well as the right to make small numbers of printed copies for their personal use.

2. A complete version of the work and all supplemental materials, including a copy of the permission as stated above, in a suitable standard electronic format is deposited immediately upon initial publication in at least one online repository that is supported by an academic institution, scholarly society, government agency, or other well-established organization that seeks to enable open access, unrestricted distribution, interoperability, and long-term archiving (for the biomedical sciences, PubMed Central is such a repository).


1. Open access is a property of individual works, not necessarily journals or publishers.

2. Community standards, rather than copyright law, will continue to provide the mechanism for enforcement of proper attribution and responsible use of the published work, as they do now.

Therefore, authors who publish with the Journal of Trial and Error agree to the following terms:

  1. Authors retain copyright while also granting the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the initial publication in this journal and work’s authorship.
  2. On the condition of an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal, authors are allowed to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal’s published version of the work (e.g., publish it in a book or post it to an institutional repository).
  3. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process.
  4. The Journal of Trial and Error will publish the article with no access restrictions.